BKG

Permatasari, Intan (2014) Penampilan 12 Famili Buncis (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) F4 Berpolong Ungu. Sarjana thesis, Universitas Brawijaya.

Indonesian Abstract

Kacang buncis merupakan salah satu jenis kacang sayur yang banyak dibudidayakan dan dikonsumsi oleh masyarakat Indonesia. Untuk menekan nilai impor sayuran polong-polongan, khususnya buncis, perlu adanya suatu peningkatan produksi dalam negeri, salah satunya dengan perakitan varietas unggul baru berdaya hasil tinggi dan diharapkan mampu memenuhi kebutuhan gizi masyarakat. Perakitan varietas unggul baru tanaman buncis saat ini, kriteria yang ingin dicapai yaitu daya hasil tinggi dan polong ungu. Materi yang digunakan ialah varietas lokal yang memiliki daya hasil tinggi disilangkan dengan varietas introduksi yang memiliki polong ungu (Purple Queen). Warna ungu pada polong disebabkan karena adanya kandungan antosianin. Melalui persilangan ini diharapkan mampu menghasilkan tanaman buncis yang berdaya hasil tinggi, memiliki polong ungu dan seragam. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui penampilan 12 famili buncis (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) F4 berpolong ungu. Hipotesis yang diajukan pada penelitian ini ialah terdapat keragaman pada penampilan 12 famili buncis (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) F4 berpolong ungu. Penelitian dilaksanakan di lahan milik petani yang terletak di Desa Kajang Lor Kecamatan Junrejo, Kabupaten Batu. Ketinggian tempat ± 650 m dpl, suhu rata-rata harian ± 220C dan curah hujan ± 1300 mm/th . Penelitian dilaksanakan pada Januari sampai dengan April 2014. Bahan tanam yang digunakan ialah benih F4 yaitu 12 famili buncis polong ungu hasil persilangan tanaman buncis varietas introduksi dengan varietas lokal (GKCS-6, GKCS-54, GKCS-97, GKCS-108, GIPQ-12, GIPQ-23, GIPQ-35, GKPQ-12, GKPQ-19, PQGK-1, PQGI-169, dan MCS-13), dengan 5 tetua (2 introduksi yaitu Purple Queen (PQ) dan Cherokee Sun (CS), 3 lokal yaitu Gogo Kuning (GK), Gilik Ijo (GI), dan Mantili (M)). Bahan penelitian lain meliputi furadan, benlext, pupuk kandang ayam dan NPK (16:16:16), mulsa plastik hitam perak dan label nama famili. Penelitian disusun tanpa menggunakan rancangan percobaan. Variabel pengamatan meliputi karakter kuantitatif yaitu, umur berbunga, jumlah bunga per tanaman, umur panen (Pertama), bobot per polong, panjang polong, diameter polong, jumlah polong per tanaman, jumlah biji per polong dan karakter kualitatif yaitu warna polong, tipe tumbuh, warna batang, warna daun, warna bunga, bentuk polong, dan tekstur polong. Analisa data kuantitatif dilakukan dengan menghitung nilai rerata, simpangan baku, ragam, koefisien keragaman fenotipik, koefisien keragaman genetik. Hasil dari penelitian ini menunjukkan bahwa penampilan 12 famili F4 buncis polong ungu yang seragam dalam tipe pertumbuhan merambat, warna batang ungu, warna bunga ungu, dan warna polong ungu tua, yaitu famili PQGK-1, PQGI-169 dan GIPQ-35. Famili buncis polong ungu dalam kriteria keragaman genetik rendah yaitu antara 0 - 22% pada famili PQGK-1, PQGI-169 dan GIPQ-35.

English Abstract

Common beans are one of the vegetable legum type widely cultivated and consumed by Indonesian people. Reduce the value of imported leguminous vegetables, particularly beans, needs to be improved domestic production, one of them with the assembly of new varieties for high yield and expected to supply the nutritional needs of the community. Currently manufacture of new varieties, expected to achieved high yield and pod purple. The material used is the local varieties that have high yield crossed with the introduced varieties that have pod purple (Purple Queen). The purple colour on the pod caused by the presence to anthocyanin content. Through this cross, expected to produce a crop of beans with the high yield and has a uniform purple pods. The purpose of this research is to determine the appearance of 12 family of beans (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) F4 purple pods. The hypothesis proposed in this study is that there are variations in the appearance of the appearance of 12 family of beans (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) F4 purple pods. The research was conducted on land owned by farmers located in the Kajang Lor Village, District of Junrejo, Batu. Altitude ± 650 m above the sea level, the average daily temperature is 220C and rainfall ± 1300 mm / yr. The research was conducted in January until April 2014. Planting material used is the seed of F4 there are 12 families from crosses purple bean pods of bean plants introduced varieties with local varieties (GKCS-6, GKCS-54, GKCS-97, GKCS-108, GIPQ-12, GIPQ-23, GIPQ-35, GKPQ-12, GKPQ-19, PQGK-1, PQGI-169, dan MCS-13), with 5 parent (2 introduksi there are Purple Queen (PQ) and Cherokee Sun (CS), 3 lokal there are Gogo Kuning (GK), Gilik Ijo (GI), and Mantili (M)). Another research materials are Furadan, benlext, chicken manure and NPK (16:16:16), plastic mulch and label. This research prepared without any experimental design. Variables parameter are quantitative data are flowering day, number of flower per plant, harvest age (1st time), weight per pod, long pods, diameter pods, number of pods per plant, number of seeds per pod and qualitative data are color pods, grow type, color bars, leaves color, flower color, pods shape, and pods texture. Quantitative data analysis by calculating the mean of value, standard deviation, variance, coefficient of phenotypic diversity and coefficient of genetic diversity. The results of this study indicate in performance of 12 family on F4 purple pods common beans family, there is uniforms in type of vine growth, stems color is purple, flowers color is purple, and color pods is purple, that is family PQGK-1, PQGI-169 and GIPQ-35. Family purple pods common beans in variety genetic low criteria that is between 0 – 22% on the family PQGK-1, PQGI-169 and GIPQ-35.

Other Language Abstract

UNSPECIFIED

Item Type: Thesis (Sarjana)
Identification Number: SKR/FP/2014/276/051406104
Subjects: 600 Technology (Applied sciences) > 631 Specific techniques; apparatus, equipment materials > 631.5 Cultivation and harvesting
Divisions: Fakultas Pertanian > Budidaya Pertanian
Depositing User: Budi Wahyono
URI: http://repository.ub.ac.id/id/eprint/129741
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