BKG

Ni`matillah, ZulfaAlif (2013) Pengaruh Macam Bahan Tanam Pada Pertumbuhan Dan Hasil Tiga Varietas Stroberi (Fragaria Sp.). Sarjana thesis, Universitas Brawijaya.

Indonesian Abstract

Stroberi Merupakan Salah Satu Komoditas Buah-Buahan Yang Penting Di Dunia, Terutama Untuk Negara-Negara Beriklim Subtropis. Produksi Stroberi Indonesia Tahun 2009 Sebesar 19.132 Ton Dan Mengalami Perkembangan Produksi 29,87% (5.714 Ton) Pada Tahun 2010, Dimana Jumlah Produksi Tahun 2010 Sebanyak 24.846 Ton (BPS, 2010). Tanaman Stroberi Diperbanyak Secara Generatif Dan Vegetatif. Perbanyakan Vegetatif Pada Tanaman Stroberi Yang Paling Banyak Dilakukan Oleh Petani Yaitu Dengan Menumbuhkan Stolon, Ada Juga Dengan Anakan, Namun Belum Ada Riset Ilmiah Tentang Bahan Tanam Dan Pengaruhnya Terhadap Produkstivitas Stroberi. Varietas Tanaman Juga Sangat Dianjurkan Sebab Penggunaan Varietas Yang Sesuai Atau Tingkat Adaptasi Tinggi Dapat Meningkatkan Kuantitas Buah. Penelitian Ini Bertujuan (1) Untuk Mempelajari Pengaruh Jenis Bahan Tanam Dan Varietas Pada Pertumbuhan Dan Hasil Tanaman Stroberi, (2) Untuk Menentukan Jenis Bahan Tanam Maupun Varietas Stroberi Yang Paling Baik, Sehingga Diperoleh Pertumbuhan Dan Hasil Tanaman Stroberi Yang Terbaik. Hipotesis Yang Diajukan Ialah (1) Masing-Masing Varietas Tanaman Stroberi Membutuhkan Bahan Tanam Yang Berbeda Untuk Pertumbuhan Dan Hasil Yang Terbaik, (2) Penggunaan Bahan Tanam Stolon Menghasilkan Pertumbuhan Dan Hasil Yang Terbaik Daripada Bahan Tanam Indukan Dan Anakan, (3) Varietas Lokal Brastagi Menghasilkan Pertumbuhan Dan Hasil Yang Terbaik Daripada Varietas Santung Dan Sweet Charlie. Penelitian Ini Dilaksanakan Di Kebun Percobaan Kliran (Sumber Brantas) Pada Bulan April - Juli 2013. Alat Yang Digunakan Ialah Penggaris, Timbangan, Oven, Jangka Sorong, Refraktometer, Cangkul, Mulsa Hitam Perak, Ember, Kamera Digital Dan Alat Tulis. Bahan Yang Digunakan Ialah Bibit Stroberi (Indukan, Anakan, Stolon) Varietas Santung, Sweet Charlie, Lokal Brastagi, Tanah, Pupuk Kandang Ayam, Air, Pupuk NPK Mutiara, KNO3 Dan Pestisida. Rancangan Yang Digunakan Pada Penelitian Ini Ialah Rancangan Acak Kelompok (RAK) Faktorial (Dua Faktor) Dengan 3 Ulangan. Faktor Pertama Yaitu Bahan Tanam (B) Yang Terdiri Dari 3 Taraf Yaitu B1 = Indukan, B2 = Anakan, B3 = Stolon. Faktor Kedua Yaitu Varietas (V) Yang Terdiri Dari 3 Taraf Yaitu V1 = Santung, V2 = Sweet Charlie, V3 = Lokal Brastagi. Percobaan Diulang Sebanyak 3 Kali, Sehingga Terdapat 27 Satuan Kombinasi Perlakuan. Masing-Masing Perlakuan Menggunakan 18 Tanaman Sehingga Total Tanaman Yang Ditanam Yaitu 486 Tanaman. Pengamatan Terhadap Tanaman Stroberi Dilakukan Dengan Pengamatan Pertumbuhan Dan Pengamatan Panen. Pengamatan Pertumbuhan Terdiri Dari Pengamatan Destruktif Dan Non Destruktif. Pengamatan Destruktif Diamati Dengan Mengambil 2 Contoh Tanaman Pada Setiap Perlakuan Meliputi Panjang Tanaman, Jumlah Daun, Bobot Basah Dan Bobot Kering Yang Diamati Pada Saat Tanaman Berumur 14, 28, 42 Dan 56 Hst, Sedangkan Pengamatan Non Destruktif Diamati Dengan Mengambil 18 Contoh Tanaman Pada Setiap Perlakuan Meliputi Jumlah Bunga, Fruit Set, Jumlah Anakan Dan Jumlah Stolon Yang Diamati 14 Hari Sekali. Pengamatan Panen Diamati Dengan Mengambil 10 Contoh Tanaman Pada Setiap Perlakuan Meliputi Jumlah Buah Panen, Bobot Buah, Diameter Buah, Panjang Buah Dan Tingkat Kemanisan Buah (Brix) Yang Diamati 3 Hari Sekali. Data Pengamatan Yang Diperoleh Dianalisis Dengan Menggunakan Analisis Sidik Ragam (Uji F) Pada Taraf 5% Untuk Mengetahui Pengaruh Perlakuan. Apabila Hasilnya Nyata (F Hitung > F Tabel 5%) Maka Akan Dilanjutkan Dengan Uji BNT Pada Taraf 5 % Untuk Mengetahui Perbedaan Diantara Perlakuan. Hasil Penelitian Menunjukkan Bahwa Terjadi Interaksi Antara Perlakuan Bahan Tanam Dengan Varietas Pada Parameter Bobot Basah Tanaman, Bobot Kering Tanaman, Jumlah Anakan Dan Panjang Buah. Perlakuan Bahan Tanam Indukan Dengan Varietas Lokal Brastagi Menghasilkan Bobot Basah Paling Tinggi Yaitu Sebesar 28,26 G (Umur 42 Hst) Dan 38,98 G (Umur 56 Hst). Perlakuan Bahan Tanam Indukan Dengan Varietas Lokal Brastagi Menghasilkan Bobot Kering Paling Tinggi Yaitu Sebesar 12,33 G Pada Umur 56 Hst. Perlakuan Bahan Tanam Indukan Dengan Varietas Lokal Brastagi Menghasilkan Jumlah Anakan Paling Tinggi Yaitu Sebesar 2,92 Batang. Perlakuan Bahan Tanam Stolon Dengan Varietas Lokal Brastagi Menghasilkan Panjang Buah Yang Paling Tinggi Yaitu Sebesar 2,76 Cm

English Abstract

Strawberries Are One Of The Important Fruit Commodities In The World, Especially For Subtropical Countries. Strawberry Production In Indonesia On 2009 Amounted To 19.132 Ton And Production Been Progressing 29.87% (5.714 Ton) In 2010, Where The Number Of Production As Much As 24 846 Tons In 2010 (BPS, 2011). Strawberry Plants Propagated By Generative And Vegetative Propagation. Vegetative Propagation On Strawberry Plants Most Often Committed By Farmers Is To Grow Stolon, There Is Also The Tiller, But There Is No Scientific Research On Planting Material And Its Effect On Strawberries Productivity. The Use Of Good Crop Varieties Is Also Highly Recommended Because The Use Of Appropriate Varieties Or High-Level Adaptation Crop Can Increase The Yield And Quality. This Study Aimed To Obtain The Interaction Between The Of Planting Material (Broodstock, Tillers And Stolons) And Varieties (Santung, Sweet Charlie And Local Brastagih) On Growth And Yield Of Strawberries As Well As To Determine The Planting Materials (Broodstock, Tillers And Stolons) And Varieties (Santung , Sweet Charlie And Local Brastagih) The Right To Obtain Maximum Growth And Yield Of Strawberry Plants. The Proposed Hypothesis Are (1) There Is Interaction Between The Varieties And Planting Materials On The Growth And Yield Of Strawberry Plants, (2) The Use Of Different Planting Material Was Resulted Significant Effect On The Growth And Yield Of Strawberry Crop (3) The Use Of Different Variety Was Resulted Significant Effect On The Growth And Yield Of Strawberry Crop. Experimental Garden (Sumber Brantas) On April - July 2013. The Tools Are Used Are Rulers, Scales, Ovens, Calipers, Refractometer, Hoes, Silver Black Mulch, Buckets, Digital Cameras And Stationery. Materials Are Used Are Strawberry Seeds (Broodstock, Tillers, Stolons), Santung, Sweet Charlie, Local Brastagih Varieties, Soil, Chicken Manure, Water, NPK Mutiara Fertilizer, And Pesticides. The Design Used In This Study Was Factorial Randomized Block Design (RBD) (Two- Factor) With 3 Replications. The First Factor Is Planting Material (B) Consisting Of 3 Levels Ie B1 = Broodstock , B2 = Tillers , B3 = Stolon . The Second Factor Is Variety (V) Consisting Of 3 Levels Ie V1= Santung , V2 = Sweet Charlie , V3 = Local Brastagi. The Experiment Was Repeated 3 Times, So There Are 27 Units Of Combined Treatment. Each Treatment Using 18 Plants So There Are Total 486 Plants Were Cultivated. Observation Of The Strawberry Plant Is Done By Observing The Growth And Harvest Of Observation. Growth Observations Consist Of Destructive And Non- Destructive Observation. Destructive Observation Was Observed By Taking Two Samples At Each Treatment Plant Include Plant Length, Number Of Leaves , Fresh Weight And Dry Weight, Were Observed When The Plants Were 14 , 28 , 42 And 56 DAP, While The Non- Destructive Observation Was Observed By Taking 18 Samples Of Plants At Each Treatment Include The Number Of Flowers, Fruit Set, Number Of Tillers And Number Of Stolons Were Observed On 14 DAP. Harvest Observations Was Observed By Taking 10 Samples At Each Treatment Plant Includes The Amount Of Fruit Harvest, Fruit Weight, Fruit Diameter, Fruit Length And Fruit Sweetness (Brix) Were Observed Once Of 3 Days. Observational Data Were Analyzed Using Analysis Of Variance (F Test) At The Level Of 5 % To Determine The Effect Of Treatment. If The Result Is Significant (F Count > F Table 5 %) It Will Be Followed By LSD Test At 5% Level To Determine Differences Between Treatments. The Results Showed That There Are Interaction Between Varieties And Planting Materials Treatment On Wet Weight, Dry Weight, Number Of Tillers And Fruit Length Parameters. The Broodstock Planting Materials With Local Brastagi Variety Produced The Highest Fresh Weight Of 28.26 Grams (At Age 42 DAP) And 38.98 Grams (At Age 56 DAP). The Broodstock Planting Material With Local Brastagi Variety Also Produced The Highest Dry Weight Is Equal To 12,33 Grams At The Age Of 56 DAP. The Broodstock Planting Material With Local Brastagi Produced The Highest Number Of Tillers In The Amount Of 2,92 Rods. Treatment With Stolon Planting Material With Local Brastagi Varieties Produces Highest Fruit Length That Is Equal To 2.76 Cm.

Other Language Abstract

UNSPECIFIED

Item Type: Thesis (Sarjana)
Identification Number: SKR/FP/2013/329/051311834
Subjects: 600 Technology (Applied sciences) > 631 Specific techniques; apparatus, equipment materials > 631.5 Cultivation and harvesting
Divisions: Fakultas Pertanian > Budidaya Pertanian
Depositing User: Budi Wahyono
URI: http://repository.ub.ac.id/id/eprint/129448
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