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Rahmah, Erfi Fauziya (2017) Perbedaan Perubahan Pengetahuan Ibu Hamil Tentang Penambahan Berat Badan Optimal Selama Kehamilan Sebelum Dan Sesudah Pemberian Edukasi Gizi Melalui Media Website Dan Booklet. Sarjana thesis, Universitas Brawijaya.

Indonesian Abstract

Penambahan berat badan saat hamil merupakan faktor penting yang dapat mempengaruhi kesehatan ibu dan bayi yang akan dilahirkan. Namun, penambahan berat badan ibu hamil di Indonesia kurang diperhatikan dan cenderung rendah, yaitu kurang dari sepuluh kilogram. Dampaknya dapat mempengaruhi pertumbuhan janin dan melahirkan dengan berat bayi lahir rendah. Media website merupakan media internet yang dapat diakses oleh masyarakat luas. Media booklet merupakan media cetak yang mudah dibawa kemana saja. Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui perbedaan perubahan pengetahuan ibu hamil tentang penambahan berat badan optimal selama kehamilan sebelum dan sesudah pemberian edukasi gizi melalui media website dan booklet. Desain penelitian yang digunakan adalah kuasi eksperimental dengan pre-test dan post-test (n = 49), melalui metode purposive sampling pada ibu hamil di Kota Malang. Variabel yang diteliti adalah nilai pengetahuan pada kedua kelompok. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa terdapat peningkatan pengetahuan sebelum dan sesudah pemberian edukasi gizi melalui media website (pre-test dengan post-test 1 dari 28,57 menjadi 57,14, p = 0,004; pre-test dengan post-test 2 dari 28,57 menjadi 57,14, p = 0,001) dan booklet (pre-test dengan post-test 1 dari 14,29 menjadi 42,86, p = 0,001; pre-test dengan post-test 2 dari 14,29 menjadi 50, p = 0,001), namun tidak ada perbedaan perubahan pengetahuan antara media website dan booklet. Dapat disimpulkan bahwa kedua media sama-sama dapat meningkatkan pengetahuan. Media website dapat menjadi alternatif media edukasi sesuai dengan karakteristik responden yaitu memiliki akses internet.

English Abstract

Weight gain during pregnancy is considered as an important factor that can affect both mother and fetal health. In Indonesia, however, the concern on maternal weight gain issue is arguably low. This can affect the fetal growth and increase the risk of low birth weight (LBW) in newborn. Website is an internet media that can be accessed by public, whereas booklet is a print media that is easy to carry anywhere. This study aimed to analyze the knowledge enhancement of pregnant mother toward optimal weight gain during pregnancy after getting nutrition education socialized through website and booklet. This research used quasiexperimental design with pretest and posttest (n = 49). Samples were pregnant mothers in Malang city and the sampling technique was purposive sampling. The variable studied in this research was the knowledge of both groups. This study revealed that there was a significant increase in mothers’ knowledge after getting nutrition education by website and booklet. This clearly showed by the difference between pretest and posttest scores. On website treatment, the pretest score was 28.57 and boosted to 57.14 after posttest 1 (p = 0.004), and 57.14 (p = 0.001) after posttest 2. On booklet treatment, the pretest score was 14.29 and increased to 42.86 after posttest 1 (p = 0.001), and 50 (p = 0.001) after posttest 2. Nonetheless, there was no difference in mothers’ knowledge when comparing the application of both medias. Therefore, it is concluded that both media are equally effective in enhancing the knowledge of pregnant mothers. Website can also be an alternative media in accordance with respondents’ characteristics that have internet access.

Other Language Abstract

UNSPECIFIED

Item Type: Thesis (Sarjana)
Identification Number: SKR/FK/2017/327/051705943
Uncontrolled Keywords: edukasi gizi, media website, media booklet, pengetahuan, penambahan berat badan ibu hamil
Subjects: 600 Technology (Applied sciences) > 612 Human Physiology > 612.6 Reproduction, development, maturation > 612.63 Pregnancy and childbirth
Divisions: Fakultas Kedokteran > Ilmu Gizi
Depositing User: Kustati
URI: http://repository.ub.ac.id/id/eprint/1119
Text
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