BKG

Pratiwi, Stevani (2018) Pertumbuhan Dan Hasil Tanaman Terung (Solanum Melongena L.) Akibat Aplikasi Pupuk Kandang Kambing Dan Inokulasi Mikroba Rhizosfer. Sarjana thesis, Universitas Brawijaya.

Indonesian Abstract

Terung (Solanum melongena L.) ialah salah satu produk tanaman hortikultura yang memiliki potensi untuk dikembangkan di Indonesia. Terung merupakan sumber gizi dan memiliki banyak manfaat bagi kesehatan manusia. Dewasa ini, produksi tanaman terung semakin rendah, salah satu penyebab rendahnya produktivitas tanaman terung ialah penurunan tingkat kesuburan tanah. Oleh karenanya perlu diupayakan untuk meningkatkan produksi terung melalui perbaikan kesuburan tanah. Pemberian pupuk kandang kambing dapat memperbaiki sifat fisik, kimia dan biologi tanah serta dapat meningkatkan ketersediaan hara bagi tanaman. Inokulasi mikroba seperti Plant Growth Promoting Rhizobacteria (PGPR) dan Effective Microorganism 4 (EM4) ke dalam tanah dapat meningkatkan pertumbuhan dan hasil tanaman terung. Pada aplikasi EM ke dalam tanah dapat memperbaiki tingkat kesuburan tanah dan sifat-sifat tanah. Sementara PGPR meningkatkan jumlah bakteri yang aktif di sekitar perakaran tanaman sehingga dengan pemberian PGPR, tanaman akan mendapatkan keuntungan. Penelitian dilaksanakan pada bulan Maret hingga Juni 2017 di Desa Wonomulyo Kecamatan Poncokusumo Kabupaten Malang. Penelitian dilaksanakan dengan menggunakan Rancangan Acak Kelompok Faktorial (RAKF) dengan 2 faktor yaitu dosis pupuk kandang kambing dan konsentrasi mikroba rhizosfer. Dosis pupuk kandang kambing terdiri atas 3 taraf, yaitu K1 = 10 ton ha -1, K2 = 20 ton ha-1 dan K3 = 30 ton ha-1. Konsentrasi mikroba rhizosfer terdiri atas 4 taraf, yaitu M0 = 0 ml (kontrol), M1 = 10 ml/l (EM4), M2 = 15 ml/l (EM4), M3 = 10 ml/l(PGPR) dan M4 = 15 ml/l(PGPR). Setiap kombinasi perlakuan diulang 3 kali sehingga memberikan perlakuan berjumlah 45 petak, dengan ukuran petak 2,8 m x 4 m. Pengamatan pada penelitian ini terdapat 2 tahap yaitu pengamatan pertumbuhan dan pengamatan panen. Pada pengamatan pertumbuhan terdapat pengamatan non destruktif dan destruktif. Pengamatan non destruktif meliputi tinggi tanaman, jumlah daun dan diameter batang. Pengamatan destruktif meliputi, bobot kering tanaman dan luas daun. Pengamatan panen meliputi jumlah buah per tanaman, bobot buah, bobot buah per petak, bobot buah per ha, diameter buah dan panjang buah. Data yang didapatkan selanjutnya dianalisis menggunakan Analysis of Variance (ANOVA). Dan dilakukan uji lanjut dengan menggunakan BNJ pada taraf 5%. Hasil penelitian ini menunjukkan bahwa pemberian dosis pupuk kandang dan mikroba rhizosfer memberikan interaksi pada parameter pengamatan luas daun umur 120 hst. Selain itu, pemberian dosis pupuk kandang kambing memberikan perbedaan yang nyata pada parameter diameter batang, luas daun, jumlah buah, bobot buah per tanaman, bobot buah per petak dan bobot buah ha. Pemberian jenis dan konsentrasi mikroba rhizosfer menunjukkan hasil yang meningkat pada parameter luas daun, jumlah buah, bobot buah per tanaman, bobot buah per petak dan bobot buah ha. Pemberian pupuk kandang kambing dengan ii dosis 30 ton ha-1 dan secara terpisah perlakuan EM4 dan PGPR dengan konsentrasi 10 ml/liter dan 15 ml/liter mampu meningkatkan hasil pada setiap parameter pengamatannya.

English Abstract

Eggplant (Solanum melongena L.) is one of horticultural crop products that have potential to be developed in Indonesia. Eggplant is a source of nutrient and has many benefits for human health. Currently, eggplant production is limited, one of the causes of low productivity of eggplant is reduced soil fertility. Therefore, it is necessary to increase eggplant production through the improvement of soil fertility. Provosion of goat manure can improve the physical, chemical and biological properties of the soil and can increase the availability of nutrients for plants. Microbiological inoculations such as Plant Growth Promoting Rhizobacteria (PGPR) and Effective Microorganism 4 (EM4) into the soil able to increase growth and yield of eggplant. In the EM application into the soil can improve soil fertility and soil properties. While PGPR increases the number of active bacteria around the roots of plants so that with PGPR, plants will benefit. The research was conducted from March to June 2017 in Wonomulyo Village, Poncokusumo Sub District, Malang Regency (altitude 625 m asl with Andosol soil type). The experiment was conducted by using Factorial Random ized Block Design (RAKF) with 2 factors namely dosage of goat manure and microbial concentration of rhizosphere. Goat manure dose of 3 levels, consists of K1 = 10 ton ha -1, K2 = 20 ton ha-1 and K3 = 30 ton ha-1. The concentration of rhizosphere microbes consists of 4 taraf, yaitu P0 = 0 ml (kontrol), P1 = 10 ml/l (EM4), P2 = 15 ml/l (EM4), P3 = 10 ml/l(PGPR) dan P4 = 15 ml/l(PGPR). Each treatment combination was repeated 3 times so as to give a total of 45 plots, with a plot size of 2.8 m x 4 m. In this research observation, there are two phase of its, the growth and the observation of harvest. In the observation of growth there are non destructive and destructive observation. Non destructive observations include plant height, leaf number and stem diameter. Destructive observations include, plant dry weight and leaf area. Harvest observations included, fruit weight, number of fruit per plant, fruit weight per plot, fruit weight per ha, fruit diameter and fruit length. Furthermore, the data obtained was analyzed use Analysis of Variance (ANOVA). Than honestly significance diffirence HSD is done by using BNJ at 5% level. The results of this research showed that the dosage of manure and microbial rhizosphere provides an interaction on the observation parameter of leaf age of 120 hst. In addition, dosage of goat manure gives significant difference in stem diameter, leaf area, number of fruit, fruit weight per plant, fruit weight per plot and fruit weight of ha. Provosion type and concentration of rhizosphere microbe showed the increased result on parameter of leaf area, number of fruit, fruit weight per plant, fruit weight per plot and fruit weight of ha. The provision of goat manure with a dose of 30 tons ha-1 and microbial rhizosphere type EM4 and PGPR with a concentration of 10 ml/liter and 15 ml /liter can increase results on each parameter of observation.

Other Language Abstract

UNSPECIFIED

Item Type: Thesis (Sarjana)
Identification Number: SKR/FP/2018/170/051802876
Uncontrolled Keywords: -
Subjects: 600 Technology (Applied sciences) > 635 Garden crops (Horticulture) > 635.6 Edible garden fruits and seeds > 635.64 Other garden fruits > 635.646 Eggplants
Divisions: Fakultas Pertanian > Budidaya Pertanian
Depositing User: Nur Cholis
URI: http://repository.ub.ac.id/id/eprint/11087
Text
BAGIAN DEPAN.pdf

Download | Preview
Text
BAB 1.pdf
Restricted to Repository staff only

Download
Text
BAB 2.pdf
Restricted to Repository staff only

Download
Text
BAB 3.pdf
Restricted to Repository staff only

Download
Text
BAB 4.pdf
Restricted to Repository staff only

Download
Text
BAB 5.pdf
Restricted to Repository staff only

Download
Text
DAFTAR PUSTAKA.pdf
Restricted to Repository staff only

Download

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item